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144 




No. 19. 



No. 20. 



Nos. 19 and 20. Oblong Table for a Eestaurant. Mr. Flattich, Archt., Vienna. 

Marble slab with iron foot, from Prince Salm's Manufactory, Blansko, Moravia. 

Groundplan No. 4 of Supplement. 



Various. 



Encaustic Tiles. 

A novelty in the manufacture of encaustic and other orna- 
mental tiles, has been introduced for some time by the Architec- 
tural Pottery Company. The patterns which have hitherto been 
inlaid in self colours, have in this process been produced by an 
admixture of coloured materials very finely prepared, which give 
the appearance of inlaying of granites and Florentine mosaics 
according to the combinations of colours used and may also be 
applied either in the ornament or as a ground. This contrast of 
coloured ornament against the ground has a pleasing effect, and 
is capable of introduction in elaborate ornamentation. We are at 
the same time assured that this process intensifies the hardness of 
the surface, rendering the pavement still more durable. The 
ornament is more deeply inlaid than is customary on this des- 
cription of manufactures, and the outlines are symmetrical. 



New Process of Casting Refractory Metals. 

This process is of American origin , and by it exact castings 
of plain, chased, or elaborately embossed work can be produced 
in brass, iron, bronze, etc., without any skilled labour, after the 
production of one pattern. Hithertho the common loam moulds 
have only given out rough impressions, which for ornamented 
objects had to be laboriously finished by skilled workmen with 
delicate tools. By the new invention the pattern is laid on in 
oiled foundation plate and besmeared with fine wet clay, after 
which it is buried in a box in mixed clay and sand, which is 
pressed downwards until it assumes the consistency of an unbaked 
brick. The clay cake is then carefully removed from the box, 
turned upside down upon a table, and the pattern lifted from the 
bottom by means of a small gutta percha suction ball, leaving an 
impression in the vacuum. The mould, for such the cake then 



becomes, is hardened to a sufficient degree in a stove, and is 
then packed closely with others, for many can be used at once, 
in an airtight receptacle. The fused metal is then poured from 
the crucible into a channel opened into the vessel, and, aided by 
a pressing machine, forces itself into every crevice of the mould; 
the latter are afterwards taken out into the open air, and broken 
with hammers, and fac similes of the pattern used are found im- 
bedded in them. The most minute lines are clearly produced, 
and it is said that medallion-working, type-casting, and file-making 
can be accomplished by the invention. 



Discovery in Palestine. 

An important discovery is said, by the North German Corre- 
spondent, to have been made at Jerusalem. It is an old stone, 
bearing the figure of a god sitting on a throne, with priests on 
both sides, and a Hunyaritish inscription two lines in length. li 
was brought from Yeman, and was offered for sale. Dr. Oscar 
Meyer, the Chancellor of the North German Confederate Consulate, 
obtained an impression, which is at present in the hands of the 
Confederate Consul, Dr. Blau, who is residing for a time in Berlin, 
The inscription is said to contain the name of "Athtar" or Astarte. 



Cordova International Exhibition 1870 — 1871. 

An exhibition of works of art, manufactures, produce, etc., 
will take place at Cordova, from October 15^^ 1870, to January 
15tb 1871, under the management of a board of directors appointed 
by decree of the national government, dated December 9^^ 1868. 
In addition to the contributions of native exhibitors, certain manu- 
factures are specially invited from foreign countries.